EFFICACY OF YOGIC PRACTICES ON MENTAL HEALTH IN ELDERLY
Dr. Sambhu Prasad
Available research indicates that participation in a regular exercise program is an effective intervention to reduce and prevent a number of functional and health-associated impairments known to occur with advancing age. This study, therefore, has been planned if yoga could help the elderly in maintaining mental health. An experimental study was carried out on Thirty male subjects (n=30), age ranged from 55 to 65 years, from Jamshedpur, Jharkhand were selected for this study in employing purposive sampling technique. All the selected subjects were then again randomly assigned into two equal groups, viz., Group A; (yoga training; n1= 15) and Group B; (Control; n2 = 15). This was, in fact, a parallel group design. One independent variable had been included in this study i.e., Yoga training for a total period of 6 weeks. Before and after experiment the subjects were assessed with the help of mental health questionnaire developed by C.D. Agashe and R.D. Helede. Descriptive statistics have been applied to process the data prior to employing inferential statistics. Since there is one variables along with two testing programmes (i.e., pre-test and post-test) conducted for two different groups (control and experimental), the inferential statistics employed was ANCOVA and the level of significance was set at 0.05. The Control group did not show significant improvement in Mental Health (CD=0.15, p>0.05), Yoga training group could show significant improvement in Mental Health (CD=0.35, p<0.05, Yoga training” was found better than the “Control” in Mental Health (CD=0.32, p<0.05) Further, Scheffe’s post hoc test was employed to record comparative effects of yoga on variables. The result of mental health revealed that yoga training for a period of 6 weeks improved the mental health ability of the elderly people. This indicates that yoga might have imbibed the ability of relaxation that might have brought vasodilatation at brain with fresh blood. Thus, Yoga has significant effect on mental health of old age person.
Keywords: Yoga, Mental Health and Old age person
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